The stem of the kauna, a local reed growing in swamplands and stagnant water, is used to weave a uniquely textured mat, handbags with neatly detailed edges. . Around 1000 craftspersons in Imphal Valley practice this craft; they also make square, circular and rectangular mats. The weaver manually interlaces the cut stems with each of the jute threads that are vertically placed far apart in pairs. The distance between the jute threads creates stiffness and the bulk forms the reed stems into an remarkable texture. The extra lengths of the stem are intertwined at the edges to form the boundary that runs all around the mat. Square cushions are made by weaving two mats consecutively in the same warp and folding one mat over the other to form a double layer that are later twined together.