Machilipatnam paintings or the dyed painted fabric from Coromandel Coast were exported to Europe and Iran during the 16th to 17th centuries. The fabrics were called as kalamkari as there were painted with a kalam, pen and were replaced with block printing in the 19th century and created repetitive surfaces such as borders, a field of scrolling florals and a central medallion , or prayer mats which were exported to Iran and middle east countries while Bed covers, linen and clothing for women and men were exported to Europe. During Mughal, rule prayer mats and tent covers or kanat were produced using Kalamkari silk. Blocks are made from seasoned teak wood and designs are carved by the skilled artisans in Machilipatnam, Pedana and Vijayawada. It is a labor intensive work and comprised of several steps; Firstly the cloth is prepared by bleaching and is then washed and finally dipped in myrobalan solution and then printed with iron mordant (black color) and alum mordant (red color and is then dyed in alizarin and finally starched and is painted in yellow color with a kalam and is then processed in alum solution for fixing all the colors. The red colour is derived from the chay root found in the sandy soils and long last. Sri Kalahasti in Chittoor district based craftsmen brings chay root dyes from Machilipatnam. Due to the increase in the cost of dyes and raw material, Ron mordant (black color) and alum mordant (red color) the use of natural dyes has declined and the quality has eroded. The present range consists of bedcovers and dhurrie.