In 1882, Atta Hussain (an immigrant of Multan) started the first production unit of wood carving in Saharanpur (producing architectural carvings). Saharanpur since then had been made famous for its openwork screens carved with the vine leaf pattern. The designs are inclined towards Kashmiri style, as most of the craftsmen are descendants of Kashmiri settlers. The ‘chilai’ carving is in low relief, with a typical floral scroll scheme - patterning the whole surface. It is primarily found on tabletops, trinket boxes, cutlery, office accessories, etc. The ‘takai’ carving is in high relief and done on merchandises for the upmarket or export. The ‘screens’ are fret-worked and completed by hand. Zinc stencils are used for designing purpose on the planks. Sheesham wood is the material of choice. It is a Persian legacy, since the fine-grained dark wood permits deep carving without chipping. High shine is brought to it by buffing. Teak, rosewood and walnut are also used for deep undercutting. The sheesham wood is also used for carving out the printing blocks. These blocks are made by carving out the material from the non-printing area by drilling and chiseling. Then two or more holes are drilled through the block to prevent air bubble formation while printing. It is ensured that the grain of the wood are in perpendicular to the blocks surface. Then the blocks are soaked in a mustard oil so that the wood is seasoned. Such wooden blocks are engraved in Pilakhuwa, Varanasi and Farrukhabad. These engraving are also done for the use of ‘tarkashi craftsman’.